Follicular Unit Hair Transplants

Hairs on the scalp are arranged in the group of 1 to 4, these groups are called “Follicular Units”.

Follicular Unit Hair Transplantation (FUHT) is a hair restoration procedure where hair is transplanted exclusively in its naturally occurring groups of 1-4 hairs. Because Follicular Unit Hair Transplants mimic the way hair grows in nature so the results, in expert hands, will look completely natural and be indistinguishable from one's original hair.

In Follicular Unit hair Transplantation (FUHT) a narrow strip of skin with hair 6 to 15 mm in width is taken from the sides and back of the head. The donor defect is closed primarily with the help of sutures leaving no residual bald area. The hair from above the incision covers the area so that it is not visible. The donor strip is placed under special dissecting microscopes where the individual follicular units (bearing 1-4 hairs) are carefully dissected. These grafts are stored in a special holding solution and refrigerated while awaiting placement in the bald or thinning scalp (the recipient area).

Properly spaced slits are created with the use of some fine and sharp instruments, in the area where transplant is to be done. In these slits Follicular Units are placed. The 1-hair grafts are placed at the hair line, the 2's immediately behind them and the larger 3- and 4-hair units are placed in the central, forelock area. The depth, angle, and distribution of these slits in the recipient sites are most critical aspect of the hair transplantation if the results are to look perfectly natural. Their proper placement is a special art and skill of the experienced hair transplant surgeon.

Patients can resume normal daily activities on the second day following their hair restoration surgery, although there are some restrictions on strenuous exercise, smoking and drinking. The transplanted hairs may fall in 3 to 5 weeks after the surgery. New hairs start to appear app. 10 to 12 weeks after the surgery and they grow at the rate of about 1-1.5 cm per months.

The transplanted hair appear just like normal hair, never fall and grow continuously like other hair. Shampoo and oil can be applied & they can be combed to the style of your choice. The transplanted hairs are permanent and grow like normal hair and need haircuts later.

The entire procedure is done under local anesthesia and the patient is awake and aware during the hair transplantation. Patient listen music or take nape whilst the surgery is done. 10 to 12 people work at the same time, and it takes 7 to 8 hours for a sitting to be complete. The patient goes home immediately after the operation. One or more sittings of Hair transplant may be required, depending on the severity and extend of baldness. A maximum of 2800-3000 grafts or Follicular Units of hair can be transplanted in one sitting and if required, the next sitting can be done after 6 to 8 months.

There are no side-effects of Hair Transplantation. The operation is on the scalp outside the skull bone and the brain is inside the skull, and there are no adverse effects of hair transplantation. Vigorous exercise, swimming, weight training should be avoided for 3 weeks. Light exercise, yoga, stretching can be done 1 week after the hair transplant.